Rolls-Royce Land (part 2)
Perhaps he is wiser and certainly more romantic than his foreign colleagues: instead of wasting energy on politics, he fervently patronizes everything that enhances the prestige of the principality, making…

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Collection of vintage cars Prince of Monaco
“This is not a car museum, but a private collection of antique cars of all ages and all countries. Available to everyone or prestigious, they were the masterpieces of their…

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The legendary king of the opera Monte Carlo (part 2)
The opera premiered on February 24, 1910 and was greeted with delight. There is no place in this article to analyze this work of Massenet. For us, one thing is…

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Nature of monaco

Monaco is located on the southern periphery of the maritime Alps composed of limestone. The climate is Mediterranean with moderately warm winters (average January temperature + 8-10 ° С) and dry, warm and sunny summers (average July and August temperatures 24 ° С). There are up to 300 sunny days a year, and rainy – approx. 60. The average annual rainfall is 1300 mm. They fall mainly in the fall.

The Nature of Monaco The Alps protect the sea from the cold northerly winds. In summer, sea breezes have a cooling effect on the coast. Thanks to its mild climate, Monaco is a popular Mediterranean resort. In the coastal zone, the red-colored soils of terra rso and brown soils are developed; in the mountains, brown forest soils. Typical Mediterranean vegetation is common. Xerophytic grasses, rare shrubs and shrubs (gariga) grow on dry slopes, shrubberies (maquis) on wetter ones, and in some places forests are preserved. Kermes and stone oak, pine, black and Alep pine, boxwood, juniper, olive, fig and other typical representatives of the Mediterranean flora are widespread in the forests.

In Monaco, there are also dwarf palm, seaside pine, Atlas cedar and cork oaks, beech-shaped, felt-leaved. In maquis, strawberry large-fruited (blooms in late autumn or winter), incense, myrtle, pistachio, viburnum, red juniper and others are distinguished. Shrimp kermes oak, to which juniper, gorse, rosemary, hold-tree, thyme are predominant, are in the garig. A fifth of the territory of Monaco is occupied by gardens and parks. There are plantings of olives, figs, pomegranates, almonds, pistachios, persimmons. Grow bananas, oranges, lemons, tangerines. Japanese medlar and camphor laurel from Japan, aloe, cacti, agaves from North and South America, eucalyptus from Australia are introduced.

The fauna of Monaco is poor. Of mammals, small rodents, hedgehogs, shrews, bats, including the Mediterranean bat, are found. There are many birds: mountain warriors, spectacled and white-haired, garden oatmeal, sea mockingbird, kingfisher, red-necked goat, lark, black-pinto and black-bellied kamenka, blackbirds, etc. Among the reptiles, the steppe gecko, lizards are chalcid and sand, snake, esculapova etc., from amphibians – a tree frog and a green toad. There are many insects in Monaco, including butterflies. In the coastal zone of the Mediterranean Sea there are dolphins and a small number of commercial fish species (sardine, anchovy, flounder, mackerel, mullet, catfish), spiny lobsters, mussels.

Royal circus
The XXXIII International Circus Festival in Monte Carlo brought together the best artists from around the world under the dome of the famous tent of Fontvieille. Among them were our…

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Monaco Cathedral
Cathedral of Monaco - the main cathedral of the Principality of Monaco was built of white stone, brought from La Turbi. The cathedral stands on the site of an older…

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Monaco. History and culture of Monaco
The history of Monaco is largely the story of the Grimaldi family, which owns these lands. In 1918, an agreement was concluded between Monaco and France, according to which, after…

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Principality before the Second World War
The principality, which was reduced in size and deprived of resources, was in an extremely difficult financial and economic situation. Raising taxes further was impossible. Back in the 1850s, the…

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